Gastroenterology deals with diseases of the stomach, esophagus, colon and rectum, small intestine, gallbladder, pancreas, bile ducts and liver. The whole functioning of the digestive system is looked after. It involves the passing of food through the digestive canal to the physiological processes of food digestion. The absorption and elimination of food comes under the purview of gastroenterology.
It includes the surgical and medical treatment of diseases such as gastrointestinal cancer, colon polyps, cirrhosis of the liver, jaundice, gallbladder and biliary tract disease, gastro esophageal reflux (heartburn), pancreatitis, peptic ulcer disease, nutritional problems, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), colitis, etc.
The Gastrointestinal surgeons in our Hospital manage pancreas and hepatobiliary tract (liver and gallbladder) including cancers, major gastrointestinal surgical problems of the intestines, many of them through Minimal Access surgery.
All the procedures related to an endoscopy are taken under strict surveillance and the procedure is performed by our most experienced doctors. They are well versed with all the new technology regarding endoscopy.
The procedure involves the surgeon to use specialized instruments while operating and viewing the internal organs and vessels of one’s body. It allows the surgeons to review the problems within your body without making any large incisions.
Types of Endoscopy -
Endoscopies can be categorised, based on which area of the body needs to be diagnosed and operated.
Arthroscopy means examining the joints. To examine the join the scope is inserted through a small incision
Bronchoscopy examines lungs. To examine the lungs the scope is inserted into one’s nose or mouth.
Colonoscopy examines colon. To examine the colon the scope is inserted through one’s anus.
Cystoscopy examines bladder. To examine the bladder, the scope is inserted through one’s urethra.
Enteroscopy examines small intestine. To examine small intestine, the scope is inserted through one’s mouth or anus.
Hysteroscopy examines the internal parts of the uterus. To examine the uterus, the scope is inserted through a woman’s vagina.
Laparoscopy examines abdominal /pelvic area. To examine the abdominal/pelvic area, the scope is inserted through a small opening near the area that needs examination.
Laryngoscopy examines voice box/ larynx. To examine the voice box/larynx, the scope is inserted through one’s mouth or nostril.
Mediastinoscopy examines mediastinum - the area between the lungs. To examine the mediastinum, the scope is inserted through an opening above one’s breastbone.
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy examines esophagus and upper intestinal tract. To examine esophagus and upper intestinal track, the scope is inserted through one’s mouth.
Ureteroscopy examines your ureter. To examine the ureter, the scope is inserted through one’s urethra.